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Publisher Council of Governors (CoG)
Year of Publication 2015
County Turkana

Turkana County is situated in the North Western part of Kenya. The County isadministratively divided into 7 sub-counties, 30 wards, 56 locations that are further subdivided into 156 sub-locations. The settlement patterns in the county are determined byvarious factors such as climate, soil fertility and infrastructure.The Turkana people are traditionally pastoralists and the only notable migration pattern isrural to rural movement in the form of nomadism. Rainfall in the county follows a fairly erraticpattern varying significantly both over time and space. The county, however, experiencesboth short and long rains. The driest months are January, February and September. The longrains season falls between the months of April to July. Short rains occur during the monthsof October, November and December.The county population during the Kenya Population and Housing Census of 2009 stood at855,399. The county population average growth rate is 6.4% per annum. This put the totalcounty population in 2012 at 1,036,586 and the figure is projected to increase to 1,256,152people in 2015 and to 1,427,797 by 2017 assuming constant mortality and fertility rates.The county is endowed with many natural resources including sun, oil and minerals like gold.It is deemed to have the largest gold deposits in the country because even from a closer look,there are many areas within the county that people practice mining of gold but on small scales.The county has ten blocks of oil deposits that are now under exploration.These resources once they are fully harnessed and utilized appropriately shall bring rapidgrowth development in the county. The county being in a strategic position and sharing itsborders with three countries stands a better chance to link trade among the three countries andeven boost bilateral trade agreements between Kenya and its neighbors. It stands to be thenext frontier of development in the country considering under the vision 2030 there shall be aresort city at Eliye springs beach along the Lake Turkana.Some of the constraints faced by the County include; capacity challenges, poverty, lowfunding/delay in funds disbursements, poor infrastructure, high illiteracy levels, insecurity, xiiunderstaffing, recurrent drought-diverting investments, ineffective partnerships, corruption,lack of sustainability measures like maintenance, under-investment of properties, outbreak ofdiseases both for human and animals, leadership gaps, poor community participation indevelopment, genderimbalance, inadequate information sharing mechanisms amongstdevelopment stakeholders, lack of energy infrastructure and uncoordinated.The new governance structures ushered in by the new constitution which lays emphasis onproject identification at the community level through participatory process has enhancedproject ownership by the communities. This has triggered a number of economic activitieswhich has led to remarkable improvement in the quality of life at the community level.To achieve the set goals in the plan, the county will put in place institutional structures whichwill help in implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the proposed projects. The M&Estructure in the county will adopt the bottom-up approach strategy. The team that will take aleading role in implementation and M&E shall comprise of government technical officers,community representatives, NGOs representatives, donor and other stakeholders.The Annual Development Plan is divided into four chapters as follows:Chapter 1: Gives the county background information and the situation analysis which iscontained in the County Fact Sheet.Chapter 2: Deals with the socio-economic development challenges with emphasis on howthe ADP links with the countrys Constitution, the Vision 2030 and the Second Medium TermPlan. Mainstreaming of MDGs in the ADP is also discussed in this chapter.Chapter 3: Deals with development Programs and Sub-programs to be undertaken bydifferent MDAs in the county during the plan period. Clear goals, objectives, expectedoutcomes, indicators and project costs are spelt out clearly.Chapter 4: Sets the M&E framework and defines mechanisms and tools for monitoring andevaluation

Tags turkana, county, second, annual, development, plan, 2015, 16, 2015/16 Turkana County ADP, Public Finance


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